Jul 13, 2024  
2022-2023 College Catalog 
2022-2023 College Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

College Information



Central Community College (CCC) is a locally governed comprehensive community college, deriving a portion of its support from property taxes levied in the 25-county service area. This area encompasses 14,000 square miles and has a population of approximately 305,000.

Originally known as Area Vocational School #1 (later known as Central Nebraska Technical College), CCC opened in 1966 at the former Hastings naval ammunition depot as Nebraska’s first multi-county area vocational-technical college, serving a 17-county area. The Kearney practical nursing program began in 1958 and was sponsored by Kearney Public Schools. It became part of Central Nebraska Technical College in 1970. Platte Junior College in Columbus opened in 1969 as Nebraska’s first county-supported community college, taking its name from Platte County.

In 1971 the state legislature enacted a law that formed six community college areas in Nebraska and required that all counties in the state become part of one of the areas. As a result of this legislation, Central Nebraska Technical College and Platte Junior College merged in 1973 to form the Central Technical Community College Area, currently named Central Community College. An additional eight counties petitioned to join the area, bringing the total to 25.

The central administration for the college was located in Grand Island in 1974 and the Grand Island Campus was established in 1976.

The practical nursing education program in Kearney eventually grew into what is now the Kearney Center. In 2017, the Kearney Center moved to a 63,000-square-foot building across the street from Kearney High School on 30th Avenue.

The Lexington Center was established in 1977 to extend educational services to a four-county area.

The Holdrege Center opened in 1995 to enhance educational services provided by CCC in the southwest quadrant of its service area.

The Holdrege, Lexington, and Kearney Centers operate under the administration of the Grand Island Campus.

In addition to these sites, the college provides college credit and non-credit courses in more than 90 communities within its service area. Degrees, diplomas and certificates are available online.

In summary, Central Community College currently serves 25 counties in central Nebraska and includes the following facilities:


The college’s central administration is located at the same site as the Grand Island Campus. It includes the offices of the college president, vice president of innovation and instruction, vice president of administrative services, and vice president of human resources. The following college-wide services are also located at the central administration offices: accounting; accounts payable; business services; college registrar; facilities and construction management; human resources; information technology services; institutional research; payroll; public relations and marketing; purchasing; and sustainability. For more information, call 308-398-4222 or 877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska).


The Central Community College Foundation was established in 1989 as a separate, nonprofit corporation to raise funds and other forms of support for CCC. The foundation office is located at 201 Foundation Place, Suite 200, Hastings, NE 68901. For more information, call 402-460-2153.


The Columbus Campus is located at 4500 63rd Street, four miles northwest of Columbus and offers associate of applied science degrees, diplomas and certificates in various career and technical education programs and associate of arts and associate of science degrees through the academic transfer program. For more information, call 402-564-7132 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska). Columbus Campus Map  


The Grand Island Campus is located at 3134 West Highway 34 just east of the intersection of Highway 281 and offers associate of applied science degrees, diplomas and certificates in various career and technical education programs, an associate degree in nursing, and associate of arts and associate of science degrees through the academic transfer program. For more information, call 308-398-4222 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska). Grand Island Campus Map  


The Hastings Campus is located at 550 South Technical Blvd., three miles east of Hastings on Highway 6, and offers associate of applied science degrees, diplomas and certificates in various career and technical education programs, and associate of arts and associate of science degrees through the academic transfer program. For more information, call 402-463-9811 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska). Hastings Campus Map  


The Holdrege Center is located at 1308 Second Street in the Ag Building at the Phelps County fairgrounds in Holdrege, and provides a variety of educational courses and services in the surrounding area. For more information, call 308-995-8133 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska).


The Kearney Center is located at 1215 30th Avenue, in Kearney. A practical nurse education program is offered at the center, as well as a variety of other educational courses and services. For more information, call 308-338-4000 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska).


The Lexington Center is located at 1501 Plum Creek Parkway, in Lexington and provides a variety of educational courses and services in the surrounding area. For more information, call 308-324-8480 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska).


The Virtual Campus offices are located on the Grand Island Campus at 3134 West Highway 34, Grand Island. The Virtual Campus offers students a number of programs totally online or using the college Internet video system. For more information, call 402-461-2520 or 1-877-CCC-0780 (toll-free in Nebraska).


Central Community College (CCC) is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.

The Dental Assisting and Dental Hygiene Programs are accredited by the American Dental Association Commission on Dental Accreditation.

The CCC Medical Assisting program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) upon recommendation of the Medical Assisting Education Review Board (MAERB), 1361 Park Street, Clearwater, FL 33756, 727-210-2350, www.caahep.org.

The Associate Degree in Nursing and Practical Nursing Programs are approved by the Nebraska Board of Nursing. In addition, the Associate Degree Nursing Program is accredited by the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN).

The Health Information Management program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education (CAHIIM).

The Medical Laboratory Technician program is accredited by the National Accreditation Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS).

The Occupational Therapy Assistant program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) of the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA).

The Paramedicine Program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), 1361 Park Street, Clearwater, FL 33756, 727-210-2350, www.caahep.org. on the recommendation of the Committee on Accreditation of Educational Programs for the Emergency Medical Services Professions (CoAEMSP), 8301 Lakeview Parkway, Suite 111-312, Rowlaett, TX 75088, 214-703-8445, www.coaemsp.org.

The Automotive Technology Program is accredited by the ASE Education Foundation at the level of Automotive Service Technology.

CCC programs have been approved for the training of veterans and other eligible persons under the provisions of Title 38, U.S. Code.


Central Community College (CCC) maximizes student and community success.

Instructional and Service Priorities

  1. Applied technology and occupational education.
  2. Transfer education including general academic transfer programs.
  3. Public service, adult continuing education, economic and community development, foundations education, customized workforce training, and personal development.
  4. Applied research to enhance instructional programs, student achievement, institutional effectiveness, public service activities, and professional development.

Geographic Focus

Twenty-five counties in central/south central Nebraska.


CCC is a public higher education institution governed by a regionally elected 11-member governing board.


Central Community College (CCC) is proud to be an environmental sustainability leader. As a Cum Laude Leader since 2011 and signatory of the Climate Commitment as part of the Climate Leadership Network, and as a signatory of the Sustainability Education & Economic Development (SEED) Initiative, CCC has made a commitment to educate, implement and model the practices needed for a sustainable future. For our communities and globally, we believe environmental sustainability is important and necessary for healthy communities, people and economic sustainability. 

Some of the innovative sustainability education and outreach activities at Central Community College include non-credit e-badge in Leadership in Environmental Stewardship awarded in courses and co-curricular experiences, a student intern program, hosting the annual Groundwater Festival, Earth Day activities, America Recycles Day, a monthly Sustainability Leadership Presentation Series (SLPS) in partnership with many other Nebraska higher education institutions and non-profit organizations, a monthly 3C Conversation in which students discuss environmental sustainability issues, a faculty committee on Environmental Sustainability Across the Curriculum (ESATC), bike share program, beekeeping, and various community sustainability outreach events in the CCC service area.

CCC’s operational and structural procedures and policies reflect environmental sustainability leadership. A 1.7 megawatt wind turbine at the CCC-Hastings campus became fully operational beginning in January 2017 and the campus also has a 17 kilowatt solar array. All campuses implement sustainable landscape practices through integrated pollinator and native gardens. The Kearney center opened in 2017 and utilizes high energy efficiency standards and attracts sustainability leaders to the community. Other major on-going initiatives include increasing the hybrid vehicle fleet and piloting a composting program. For more information about the CCC environmental sustainability leadership commitment please visit www.cccneb.edu/greentoday.


Central Community College values:


CCC believes in:

  • Student success and individual attention - Recognizing the importance of individual needs, providing comprehensive student support services, and producing academic and technical challenge; promoting student success by creating a learner-centered environment that supports holistic student development.
  • Access to quality instruction - Delivering instruction through multiple methods and quality support services; emphasizing student success by meeting students where they are through open enrollment and by providing extraordinary value in education.
  • Preparation - The needs of diverse learners fostering a commitment to lifelong learning by preparing students for their future in an interconnected global society.

CCC believes in:

  • Partnerships - Fostering rural economic development by promoting and creating educational opportunities through mutually respectful and beneficial partnerships.
  • Diversity - Valuing diversity within our student body and among our board of governors, faculty, staff, and administration.
  • Sustainability - Exercising and upholding financial, social, and environmental stewardship.

CCC believes in:

  • Continuous quality improvement - Using data and stakeholder input to make informed decisions in the best interest of students.
  • Creativity - Being proactive in exploring, developing, and implementing new programming and services to meet constituents’ needs.
  • Leadership - Demonstrating high ethical and professional standards; continuing to build on Central Community College’s heritage while envisioning our future.
Student Success

CCC believes that successful students are:

  • Completers - Skilled, knowledgeable and independent lifelong learners who possess the work ethic and communication skills necessary for successfully completing their college educational goals.
  • Critical thinkers - Innovative problem solvers who are adaptable, inquisitive and prepared for their future in an interconnected global society.
  • Contributors - Accountable, motivated and collaborative leaders who make a positive difference in the professions and communities.
Successful Central Community College Students are:
  • Problem solvers
  • Accountable
  • Effective communicators
  • Intrinsically motivated (work ethic)
  • Technically skilled and/or prepared to transfer
  • Empowered
  • Independent
  • Productive team members
  • Adaptable
  • Persistent
  • Lifelong learners
  • Sustainability leaders
  • Completers


The Best Choice:

For students to achieve their educational goals.

  • Quality education
  • Personal service and individualized attention
  • Exceptional and passionate faculty and staff
  • Extraordinary value

For developing a skilled workforce.

  • Employability and/or successful credit transfers
  • Graduates who advocate for CCC
  • Business and industry partnerships
  • State-of-the-art facilities and technologies

For advancing communities.

  • Educational partnerships
  • Strong alumni support
  • Foster economic development
  • Sustainability leaders

College Goals

Goal One: Student Retention and Success

1.1 Improve Learning by Strengthening Instruction and Curriculum utilizing Assessment of Student Learning to Guide Academic Planning and Professional Development

1.2 Increase Degree Completion with Clear Educational Pathways, a Focus on Key Course Completion, and Academic Advising for Student Success

1.3 Improve Student Support to Close Achievement Gaps

1.4 Develop and Implement a First-Year Experience Program for CCC Students

1.5 Advance Environmental Literacy, Sustainability Education, and Engagement

Goal Two: Growth Management

2.1 Explore and Develop New Career Pathways with High School Partners

2.2 Increase Career and Technical Articulation with Four-Year Institutions

2.3 Promote Diversity to Provide a Meaningful Educational Experience in Our Communities

2.4 Establish Bridge Programs from Dual Credit, Career Pathways, Adult Education, and Extended Learning Services to Central Community College

2.5 Strengthen Partnerships to Enhance Offerings and Expand Opportunities

2.6 Increase Central Community College’s Presence and Services in Our Service Area by Completing the Kearney Center’s Facilities and Academic and Student Services Programming

Goal Three: Capitalize on Opportunities

3.1 Assist Students in Planning Their Academic Experience and Transferring Credit Successfully

3.2 Collaborate with Community Partners and Civic Leaders to Cultivate Economic Development Initiatives in Our 25-County Service Area

3.3 Advance Environmental Sustainability Partnerships

Goal Four: Valuing Employees

4.1 Improve Employee Orientation and Collaboration

4.2 Promote a Culture of Appreciation by Expanding Professional Development Opportunities and Improving Communication

4.3 Develop a Future Leaders Program to Assist Employees in Reaching Professional and Institutional Goals

Goal Five: Culture of Continuous Quality Improvement

5.1 Promote Positive Communication and Encourage Input from Students, Faculty, and Staff

5.2 Evaluate and Adjust Policies and Practices to Increase Effectiveness, Eliminate Duplication, and Improve the Educational Environment

5.3 Package and Promote Data to Guide Decision-Making and Planning Across the College

5.4 Establish Leadership Groups with Cross-Representation to Improve Communication and Decision-Making

5.5 Align Fiscal, Technology, Physical Plant, Environmental Stewardship, and Informational Practices to Meet Customer Needs and Institutional Goals

Strategic Processes

Central Community College students, Board of Governors members, faculty, administrators, and staff will collaborate in achieving the college’s mission through the following strategic processes:

  1. Informing potential students of learning opportunities by:
    1. Analyzing public and business educational and training needs and designing appropriate curriculum and delivery strategies.
    2. Creating lifelong learning maps resulting in certificates, diplomas, and associate degrees that lead into occupational and/or professional careers.
    3. Promoting educational programs and class schedules to potential learners.
    4. Partnering with businesses, institutions, and agencies to create alternative learning experiences.
  2. Providing access to learning experiences through:
    1. Affordable pricing.
    2. Technology-supported group/class activities, individualized learning processes, and distance delivery.
    3. Classes scheduled for students at convenient times in environmentally safe, accessible, and aesthetically pleasing facilities.
  3. Delivering, supporting, and validating teaching and learning in educational programs by:
    1. Encouraging higher orders of thinking and learning, advocating the free exchange of ideas, promoting appreciation for diversity, and fostering a global perspective.
    2. Providing comprehensive learning and student support services.
    3. Utilizing team concepts in student-centered learning activities.
    4. Providing technologies that enhance student learning.
    5. Assessing student learning and strategically adjusting curriculum, teaching, and learning support resources.
    6. Utilizing quality improvement concepts to assess and modify educational programs and services.
  4. Documenting learner attainment by:
    1. Validating learner achievement of institutional graduation requirements.
    2. Awarding comprehensive associate degrees and occupationally focused diplomas and certificates to students who successfully complete required programs of study.
    3. Providing transcripts of record for those who seek documentation of learning achievement.
  5. Leading in the accomplishment of the college’s mission by:
    1. Appropriately involving students, the Board of Governors, faculty, staff, and administrators in designing and utilizing effective learning processes and support structures.
    2. Evaluating, planning, and allocating the utilization of resources to improve the quality of learning and to respond to future challenges and opportunities.
    3. Providing evidence of student learning and teaching effectiveness.
    4. Fostering and supporting the value of inquiry, creativity, social responsibility, and lifelong learning among the students, Board of Governors, faculty, staff, and administrators.
    5. Maintaining high standards of integrity and professional conduct.


Central Community College is governed by an 11-member Board of Governors. Two members are elected from each of five election districts. One member is elected at-large. Members are elected to four-year terms with no limit on the number of terms.

Current members, their hometowns, occupations, and the years their terms expire are:

District 1

Diane Keller, Harvard, hospital administrator, 2022
Michelle Broekemier, Central City, assisted living administrator, 2024

District 2

Rita Skiles, Huntley, education, 2022
Linda Heiden, Bertrand, insurance & farm manager, 2024

District 3

Dr. Roger Davis, Kearney, university history professor, 2022
Sandra Borden, Gibbon, family nurse practitioner, 2024

District 4

Austin Miller, Grand Island, firefighter/paramedic, 2022
Tom Pirnie, Grand Island, trucking company owner, 2024

District 5

Linda Aerni, Columbus, business owner and chief executive officer, 2022
John A. Novotny, Columbus, business manager, 2024


Sam Cowan, Stromsburg, retired engineer and community college instructor, 2024


Central Community College (CCC) does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, religion, sex, age, marital status, national origin, veteran status, sexual orientation, disability, or other factors prohibited by law, in matters of employment, admissions, financial aid, or other activities and opportunities as set forth in compliance with federal and state statutes and regulations.

Any person having inquiries concerning Central Community College compliance with Title II, Title IV, Title VI, Title IX, the Age Discrimination Act, and/or Section 504 should contact: Vice President of Human Resources, 3134 W Highway 34, PO Box 4903, Grand Island NE 68802-4903, 308-398-7325, titleixcoordinator@cccneb.edu.

Persons seeking further information concerning career and technical education offerings at Central Community College and any specific pre-requisite criteria for the various programs of study should contact: Senior Director of College Communications, 3134 W Highway 34, PO Box 4903, Grand Island NE 68802-4903, 308-398-4222, collegecommunications@cccneb.edu.

To obtain this information in a language other than English or in an alternative format email collegecommunications@cccneb.edu.

Consumer Information

The college website at: www.cccneb.edu/consumerinfo provides information on the following topics:

  • Accrediting Agencies
  • Constitution Day
  • Copyright-Digital Copying Law
  • Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act
  • Gainful Employment
  • Infectious Diseases and AIDS Procedures
  • Net Price Calculator
  • Refund Policy
  • Return of Title IV Fund
  • Missing Student Policy
  • Student Right to Know/Graduation/Completion Rates
  • Safety, Security and Substance Awareness
  • Voter Registration Information

Student Policies and Procedures

The college catalog at www.cccneb.edu/StudentPoliciesandProcedures provides information on the following topics:

  • Clery Act Report
  • Daily Crime Log
  • Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998
  • Due Process
  • Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act
  • Infectious Disease
  • Missing Student Procedure
  • Residence Hall Handbook
  • Scams Targeting University Students - FBI PSA
  • Student Complaint Procedures
  • Student Handbook
  • Technology Use Policy
  • Title IX Handbook
  • Tobacco and Smoke Free Policy

Printed copies are available on CCC’s campuses and centers or from the CCC Dean of Student Success office.


This publication should not be considered a contract between Central Community College (CCC) and any student. CCC reserves the right to make changes in costs, admission, regulations and curriculum without notice or obligation.

Drug and Alcohol Awareness

Central Community College (CCC) supports a program of substance abuse awareness through a campus contact referral person, cooperation with local services and chemical dependency agencies and information provided in the Annual Security Report which is located online www.cccneb.edu/AnnualSecurityReport. Information provided includes the effects of substance abuse, laws and penalties regarding use of illicit drugs, college policies concerning substance abuse by students, and a list of agencies that provide counseling and other rehabilitative services.

Infectious Diseases and AIDS Procedures

Central Community College (CCC) will follow the policies and recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control of the U.S. Public Health Service and will work in cooperation with state and local health authorities to prevent the spread of significant infectious diseases and further such prevention through education. Significant infectious diseases for the purpose of this policy include, but are not limited to, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), AID-Related Complex (ARC) and Hepatitis B. CCC recognizes that a student with an infectious disease may wish to continue to engage in as many normal pursuits as the condition allows, including educational experiences. The college recognizes that a student in this situation should be allowed to continue his education in the least restrictive environment as long as the student’s condition is not a threat to himself, other students, employees and persons coming in contact with the college.

CCC recognizes that it should be sensitive to the condition of the student and ensure that the student is treated consistently with other students. At the same time, the college recognizes an obligation to provide a safe educational environment for all students and employees, and every precaution should be taken to ensure that a student’s condition does not present a health and/or safety threat to other students and employees.

Consistent with this concern for students with infectious diseases, CCC has adopted guidelines, consistent with already existing policies and procedures relative to the removal of a student from the college campus or its sponsored programs. More information on these guidelines is available online www.cccneb.edu/InfectiousDiseaseandAIDSProtection/.

Open Flames on College Property

Use of open flames (such as candles) on college property is only permitted when directly associated with student instruction. Uses in other areas such as workstations, meeting rooms, break areas, etc. is prohibited. A request for exception to the procedure at social or other similar events should be sent to the physical plant supervisor and/or campus president. If permission is granted, a CCC employee must be present the entire time the candles/flames remain lit. All open flames are to be extinguished immediately following the activity and under no circumstance should an open flame be left unattended.

Sexual Harassment

College policy defines and prohibits sexual harassment. Additional information is included in the college student handbook.

Tobacco Free Policy

Central Community College (CCC) is committed to a healthy environment for its employees, students and visitors. The U.S. Surgeon General has found that exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and use of tobacco has significant health hazards. Consequently, CCC prohibits the use of all e-cigarettes and tobacco products or carrying of any lit or unlit smoking instrument on College owned or leased property, including residence halls and vehicles. More information on the CCC Smoke Tobacco Free Policy is available online www.cccneb.edu/ccc-smokefree.

Student Grievance

Any student believing that he or she has been done an injustice through the action of an employee of CCC in matters relating to discrimination may register a grievance in accordance with the procedures available from the dean of student success office.

Nothing in the internal procedures of the college should be interpreted as limiting an individual of an external means in pursuing a grievance.

Student Safety and Health

The college provides an educational environment as free as possible from recognized hazards. Students and employees are expected to comply with all safety and health requirements whether established by the college or by federal, state or local law.

Each campus has established a safety committee with the mission to create and preserve a safe and healthy environment for employees, students and visitors.

If a student, guest or visitor becomes ill, CCC reserves the right to call a physician or ambulance, if, in the judgment of a college official, the situation merits such action. Students are responsible for any costs related to medical or ambulance service.

Student/Visitor Medical Procedure

This student/visitor medical procedure addresses how injury and illness emergencies should be handled. It should be followed by all college employees. Because of the liability concerns, the college highly encourages employees to call 911 in case of medical emergencies. Assess the situation. If there is any doubt about the severity of the injury or illness, call 911 immediately, regardless of the expressed wishes of the student/visitor, and give the following information:

  1.  The caller’s name and company (CCC)
  2.  The telephone number that the call is made from
  3.  The complete address, including town, address building, and room number where the incident is occuring
  4. The nature of the problem and condition of the patient
  5.  Designate someone to meet the rescue squad after 911 has been called.

Do not hang up until directed as the dispatcher may have instructions or need more information.

If the injury or illness is not severe, contact a fellow employee, supervisor or administrator and allow them to assess the situations. If there is any doubt about the severity of the injury or illness, call 911, regardless of the expressed wishes of the student/visitor. Employees are urged not to transport students/visitors. If it is determined an ambulance is NOT necessary, offer the following services:

  1. Comfort the student/visitor by giving them aid or assistance.
  2. Offer them the use of a phone. Suggest they contact someone who can transport them for medical attention.
  3. Continue to comfort them until the friend or family member arrives or until the injured person is able to go on their own.
  4. Contact the immediate supervisor, if he/she is available on campus, to arrange for transportation when none is obtained by the injured person.

Emergency Alert System

CCCAlerts is Central Community College’s (CCC) emergency notification system for students, staff and faculty at the Columbus, Grand Island and Hastings campuses and Holdrege, Kearney and Lexington centers.

The system will provide emergency direction and notification upon the college’s confirmation of a significant emergency or dangerous situation, and campus or center closings. The system is capable of delivering messages to college email accounts, personal email accounts and sending text and voice messages to cell and home phones. For more information, including directions on how to sign up for CCCAlerts, please reference the Emergency Alert page: http://www.cccneb.edu/cccalerts.

Waiver of Liability

Central Community College is not liable for damage, theft or loss of personal property. Students are advised to check their family insurance for coverage.

Definitions Used at CCC

College Policy - A college policy is approved by the College Cabinet, the College President, and the Board of Governors.  Issues of college policy should be limited to those in which the board is operating within the confines of their authority as defined by law.  The College President brings recommended policy to the Board for approval.

College Procedure - A college procedure is approved by the College Cabinet.  Issues of college procedure should be directly related to college policy as they serve as interpretations and provide guidance.  Vice Presidents bring recommended procedures to the Cabinet for approval.

College Guidelines - A college guideline is approved by the Vice President of a division.  The college has thirteen divisions:  Office of the President, Office of the Vice President of Innovation and Instruction/Chief Academic Officer, Administrative Services, Human Resources, College Advancement, Skilled and Technical Sciences, Health Sciences, Academic Education, Business and Entrepreneurship, Extended Learning Services, Training and Development, Student and Enrollment Services, and the Virtual Campus.  Issues of college guidelines should be directly related to administrative authority granted by college policies and procedures.

Academic guidelines are approved by the Educational Services Committee and taken to Cabinet as necessary.  The Chief Academic Officer brings recommended academic guidelines for approval.

Guidelines not related to academics are approved by the respective Vice President and taken to Cabinet as necessary.

College Process - A college process is an informal method of conducting college business.  Processes are not typically found in writing and are not typically approved by any college person or governing body.